Red Homage to Comrade Abimael Guzman (Gonzalo), Founder Leader and Former Chairman of Communist Party of Peru!
Central Committee, CPI (Maoist) pays itʹs humble homage to 86 year old Comrade Manuel Ruben Abimael Guzman Reynoso (Gonzalo), founder leader and ex-Chairman of Communist Party of Peru – Shining Path who martyred on 11th September in the high security centre of the Callao Naval Base of Peru. Our Central Committee expresses deep condolence and sympathy to Peru Communist Party, proletariat, peasantry, all the revolutionary people of Peru and friends, comrades, kith and kin of Comrade Gonzalo.
Comrade Gonzalo who born on 3 december 1934 in Mollendo, a port town of Peru was attracted towards Marxism and joined Peruvian Communist Party during his student life in university. From 1962 to mid 70s he served as a professor of Philosophy at San Cristobal of Huamanga university in Ayacucho. During the 1970s comrade Gonzalo was arrested twice on the charges that he was involved in the violent activities against the Peru government.
In the year 1965 comrade Gonzalo visited peopleʹs republic of China and met comrade Mao Tse Tung. Comrade Gonzalo left his job as university professor and in the mid 1970s and went underground. After the demise of comrade Stalin, in the background of the transformation of Soviet Union Communist Party as a revisionist party and Soviet Union as a social imperialist county, the great debate, the great proletariat cultural revolution, the division in the international communist movement in 1950ʹs and 1960ʹs, the Communist party of Peru had also splintered.
Comrade Gonzalo had taken the line of protracted peopleʹs war and New democratic revolution developed by the Communist party of China under the leadership of Mao Tse Tung. Inspired by the great proletariat Cultural Revolution comrade Gonzalo rejected revisionism out rightly and formed Communist party of Peru-Shining path with 11 of his companions in 1969. Communist party Peru under the leadership of comrade Gonzalo launched peopleʹs war/guerrilla war against imperialism especially American imperialism, comprador bureaucratic bourgeois and feudalism of Peru in May 1980. The Shining Path guerrillas achieved remarkable victories against the armed forces of Peruvian government which is the representative of the reactionary and counter revolutionary ruling classes of Peru.
The Communist party of Peru under the leadership comrade Gonzalo along with revolutionary communist parties especially Marxist-Leninst-Maoist parties of some countries formed Revolutionary Internationalist Movement. The Communist party of Peru then-leading RIM has gathered solidarity in different forms to help the revolutionary movements going on in Peru and other countries. RIM by synthesised comrade Maoʹs contribution to the Chinese revolution and International Communist Movement as Maoism and declared it as the third and higher stage of Marxism.
After that Revolutionary Communist parties of many countries of the world started describing Marxism-Leninism-Maoism as todayʹs Marxism. By developing the method of concrete analysis and sinthesis of concrete things Comrade Gonzalo had countributed to the Marxist philosophy. Comrade Gonzalo applied valuable experiences of Chinese New Democratic Revolution and the theory of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism to the concrete socio-economic and cultural conditions of Peru and advanced the revolutionary movement and peoplesʹ war in Peru unabated. Concept and understanding developed by Comrade Mao about the comprador bureaucratic bourgeois, one of the targets of the new democratic revolution in semi-colonial and semi-feudal countries has been more concretely defined in the context of Peru by him. Com Gonzaloʹs contributions made to the New Democratic Revolution and peoplesʹ war in Peru were propagated as Gonzalo thought by Communist party of Peru.
With the Advancement of the New Democratic Revolution and Peopleʹs war in Peru, American imperialism and comprador ruling classes of Peru got panic-stricken and launched a big operation by organising a special intelligence input network in order to mop-up the revolutionary movement and its leader Communist party of Peru-Shining path and its guerrillas under the guidance of American intelligence agencies FBI and CIA during the first administration term of president Alberto fugimori. The operation was headed by National Directorate against Terrorism. An elite unit of NDAT arrested comrade Gonzalo and 8 other leaders of the communist party of Peru on 12th September 1992 from a dance teacherʹs residence in Lima.
The trial conducted against comrade Gonzalo was a farce. After his arrest he was tried by a military court. Just with a 3 day trial comrade Gonzalo was sentenced to life imprisonment by hooded military judges under charges of terror and treason and was sent to the naval base on the island of San Lorenzo. On the appeal of the people in thousands Peruʹs constitutional court declaring the military trials unconstitutional, ordered new trials.
Though comrade Gonzaloʹs re trial began on 5th November 2004 but the civilian court aslo following the military courtʹs judgement sentenced life imprisonment on 13th October 2006 on the charges of aggravated terrorism and murder. During the trial the only words of comrade Gonzalo heard by international media, people of the Peru and world were – ʹLong leave the Communist party of Peruʹ, ʹglory to Marxism-Leninism-Maoismʹ, ʹglory to Peruvian peopleʹ, ʹLong live the Heroes of the peoples warʹ.
The International media including Peru was kept away from the court proceedings and the press was unable to hear a single word of the trial. Comrade Gonzalo was tried again in a bomb blast case in 2014 and was sentenced to a second life imprisonment on 11th September 2018. Since July 2021 Comrade Gonzaloʹs health had been deteriorated continuously and on 11th September he died. Following the appeal of the Communist party of Peru, many Maoist parties and organizations including our party, trade unions and intellectuals had demanded for the better
medical facilities to comrade Gonzalo and made appeal to the ruling ʹleft-wing” government of Peru for his immediate release. But social fascist left-wing government had acted according to the agenda of American imperialists and its Peru compradors. The appeals made from all over the world to release comrade Gonzalo were not heard by the above said social fascist left-wing government as per itʹs class nature.
In this way America and comprador rulers of Peru put comrade Gonzalo behind bars till his death. They didnʹt provide him with better medical facilities. Actually the death of comrade Gonzalo in Peruʹs naval base was nothing but a barbaric murder by police-military-judiciary of Peru under the guidance of American Imperialists and Peru comprador rulers.
On this sorrowful occasion our Central Committee humbly remember comrade Gonzaloʹs contributions to the new democratic revolution of Peru, the revolutionary internationalist movement and in holding high the banner of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. Our Central Committee once again pledges to carry forward the new democratic revolution and socialist revolution in India as a part of world socialist revolution in order to pay real homage to comrade Gonzalo.
Our Central Committee calls upon the people of Peru to move forward in the path of peoplesʹ war to make new democratic revolution a success in Peru as a real homage to com Gonzalo and to fulfill his dreams.
Our Central Committee calls upon the proletariat, oppressed nations and people of the world to strongly condemn the malicious behavior of the American imperialism, Peruʹs comprador government and military towards comrade Gonzalo while he was serving his punishment in naval base. Our CC also appeals to carry forward and intensify the peoplesʹ war against the imperialism and the comprador bureaucratic bourgeoise and feudalism in their respected countries. Our CC appeals to workers of all countries to unite, fight, defeat and wipe out imperialism.